In classical music, the romantic period extends from the beginning of the 19th century (1820) until the beginning of the 20th century. As during the other periods, the music is part of a global framework, that of romanticism in this case, whose main concerns are the exaltation of the “me”, the ascendancy given to feelings over reason, the amorous passion … Note that it is from this time that music is really considered an art, in the same way as literature or painting.
It is free, daring music: new sounds that would have shocked before, great innovations in terms of rhythm… Romantic music is tormented music, sometimes dark, sometimes luminous, and often overwhelming.
Musical romanticism is expressed in many forms, the most popular of which are the symphony, the symphonic poem (notably with Liszt), the Lieder (notably with Schubert), and the concerto. The piano, an instrument that is finally completely finished, is in the spotlight, especially with composers like Chopin.
Some composers of romantic music: Chopin, Schumann, Brahms, Mendelssohn, Wagner, Weber, Liszt, Mahler, Bruckner, Schubert, Strauss (Johann), Verdi, Rossini, Puccini, Donizetti, Paganini, Rachmaninoff, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, Mussorgsky, Scriabin, Berlioz, Saint-Saëns, Franck, Gounod, Bizet, Dukas, Delibes, Grieg, Sibelius, Dvorak, Vieuxtemps, Elgar…